Вариант тестовых заданий по английскому языку для экзамена (два задания, №5 и №6)
Test №5 1. Turn the following nouns into adjectives government reason peace parliament religion 2. Complete the following text with the words and phrases from the box; using them in the appropriate form to divide to be based on to track down to be putto break to manage to follow to deal withto involve to provide to cross to be enforced The whole system of American government a) ___ the principles b) ___ in the Constitution and Bill of Rights. The people believe that the government should c) ___ a framework of law and order in which they are left free to run their own lives. The state governments d) ___ much the same pattern as the federal government. Each has a governor as the Chief executive; with power e) ___ among the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches. State governments f) ___ such affairs as maintaining order; educating children and young adults; and building highways. The federal government g) ___ national problems and international relations and with regional problems that h) ___ more than one state. Laws affecting the daily lives of citizens i) ___ by police in the cities and towns. Agents of the Federal Bureau of Inverstigation the famous FBI j) ___ criminals who k) ___ state borders or who l) ___ federal laws. 3. Fill in the gaps with the prepositions from the box. Some of them can be used more than once: intoWithoutinuponfrombyaboutoffor 1. The Constitution was officially adopted ___ the thirteen states. 2. Compromise ___ politics is a matter of necessity. 3. The President must have its agreement his proposals and programmes. 4. He cannot declare war ___ the approval ___ Congress. 5. All election districts must have ___ the same number of residents. 6. The number of Representatives ___ each state is based ___ its population. 7. Each state is divided ___ congressional districts. 8. Each Senator is elected ___ six year terms of office. 4. Use the verbs in the sentences in the Passive Voice. 1. The Constitution (to a mend) already. 2. The Constitution (to adopt) in 1790. 3. Legislators (to elect) from geographical districts directly by the voters. 4. In foreign affairs; the President (to be) strongly limited. 5. Any treaty must (to approve) by the Senate 5. Match each word on the left with the appropriate definition on the right 1. a shop lifter a) murders for political reasons or a reward 2. a burglar b) breaks into houses or other buildings to steal 3. a murderer c) steals from shops white acting as an ordinary customer 4. a kidnapper d) kills some one 5. a pickpocket e) steals things from peoples pockets in crowded places 6. a drug dealer f) gets secret information from another country 7. a spy g) buys and sells drugs illegally 8. a terrorist h) takes away people by force and demands money for their return 6. Translate sentences from Russian into English 1. Ты уже изучил правительственную систему Америки? 2. Они еще не подписали этот договор. 3. Это дело еще не представили на рассмотрение жюри присяжных заседателей. 4. Конгресс регулирует торговлю между штатами и зарубежными странами. 5. Этот закон принят для обеспечения равноправия мужчин и женщин. Test №6 I. Give the words with the opposite meanings to: 1. majority 2. consent 3. to pay attention 4. to win 5. to allow II. Give the words with the similar meanings to: 1. to poll; 2. to resign; 3. to veto; 4. to violate; 5. to approve; 6. revenue; 7. impartial; 8. responsibility; 9. diverse. III. Complete the following text with the words and phrases from the box, using them in the appropriate form. constitution; structure; voter; national; to name;federal; government; to vote; responsibility; violation;law; to govern; to be elected (2); to be appointed to be removed from office The United States is a (a) _____ union of 50 states, with District of Columbia as the seat of the (b) _____ government. The Constitution outlines (c) _____ of the national government and specifies its powers and activities. Other government activities are the (d) _____ of the individual states, which have their own (e) _____ and (f) _____. Within each state there are counties, townships, cities and villages, each of which has its own elective (g) _____. All government in the United States is “of, by and for the people”. Members of Congress, the President, state officials and those who (h) _____ counties and cities (i) _____ by popular vote. The President (j) _____ the heads of federal departments while judges are either (k) _____ directly by the people or (I) _____ by elected officials (m) _____ mark unsigned ballot in private booths, so that no one else can find out for whom a citizen (n) _____ Public officials may (o) _____ for failing to perform their duties properly, as well as for serious (p) _____ of law. IV. Complete the table. 1 тип2 тип3 тип1If the President appoints him, the Senate will approveIf the President appointed him, the Senate would approveIf the President had appointed him yesterday, the Senate would have approved2If I were a lawyer I would like to be Supreme Court Justice3If a foreign diplomat had been involved in this case the Supreme Court would have heard it4If there is only the Supreme Court it will not be able to view all cases5We wouldnt have wasted so much time yesterday if everybody had come in time6If I were you I wouldnt break the law V. Finish the sentences: 1. If I could adopt a new law … 2. If I had a lot of money … 3. If I were the President … 4. If I won a car in a lottery … 5. If I could speak English fluently … 6. If I were Supreme Court Justice… VI. Transform Direct Speech into Indirect Speech. 1. She says, “I ll join you in a minute”. 2. He said to me, “I m absolutely sure”. 3. He said, “The trial has been cancelled”. 4. They said “The coroners will inquire into unnatural deaths”. 5. She asked me, “Does a solicitor deal with petty crimes”. 6. I asked him, “Does the FBI investigate kidnapping?” 7. We asked them, “How did it happen?” 8. “Whats the matter?” the policeman asked. 9. She said to me, “Ill vote next year”. 10. My colleague asked, “When did the elections take place?” VII. Translate the following sentences from Russian into English. 1. К первому сентября выборы уже состоялись. 2. Когда я получил работу в суде, он уже был верховным судьей. 3. К тому времени его уже выбрали в сенат. 4. Она сказала, что участвовала в выборах в прошлом году. 5. Он написал, что такие случаи рассматриваются в апелляционном суде. 6. Мой брат сказал, что будет голосовать за этого кандидата.